sfa

What Next -- Climate Watch

The Climate Convention (UNFCCC) --  A visual introduction

Another great infographic on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by Earth in Brackets. Click on the image.

UNFCCC map_404pxl
Read More....
View Comments

Doha Assessment: Doha climate talks bury international action in the desert


Devastating verdict on the outcomes of the Doha negotiations, jointly issued by Friends of the Earth International, Greenpeace, Action Aid, Oxfam, WWF, Christian Aid and trade union federation ITUC.

Read More....
View Comments

'Hot-air' release at Doha climate talks dispels tension

By Roger HarrabinEnvironment analyst, Doha, QatarDetails have emerged of a deal to solve the "hot air" row undermining the EU in the UN climate change talks in Doha. The term refers to unused, tradeable carbon emission permits given to Eastern European nations. They are among a number of issues that threaten to stall progress at the talks, due to end on Friday evening.Poland had been reluctant to give
Read More....
View Comments

Climate Justice Advocates Slam Doha's Emerging 'Sham Of A Deal'

By Jon Queally

http://www.countercurrents.org/queally081212.htm

08 December, 2012
CommonDreams.org

With terms like "sluggish" "tough-going" and "extremely sour" used to describe the tone and progress of the UN climate talks in Doha on Friday, the hope for an agreement that could actually meet the ever-escalating challenges of global warming caused by human pollution was seemingly at an all-time low.

Climate campaigners and civil society groups are convinced that the commitments being exchanged among the international delegates are not nearly enough, exposing the ongoing futility of trying to get rich nations to take responsibility for their outsized carbon footprints or increase their meager financial commitments to developing nations.


Read More....
View Comments

How many Gigatons of Carbon Dioxide…?

How many gigatons graphic
Check out this pedagogic inforgraphic showing illustrating the very small carbon budget that remains, and the implications of a warming climate.


Read More....
View Comments

Urgent letter to Connie Hedegaard from European youth and civil society

Photo%252010%2520dec%25202012%252013%253A40
http://pusheurope.eu/2012/12/07/doha-eu-letter/


Dear Commissioner Hedegaard,

We, European youth and civil society, are writing to you in these critical final hours of the UN climate talks in Doha to demand that the EU acts now and changes its position at the UNFCCC.

We have witnessed over the past two weeks the EU’s consistent refusal to live up to its responsibilities, and we condemn this lack of progress. The EU claims to be a climate leader but it is acting as a blocker.

Read More....
View Comments

The big environment and development organisations support strong condemnation letter by social movements

In a rare joint press conference with Friends of the Earth International, Greenpeace, Action Aid, Oxfam, WWF and Christian Aid jointly supported the letter issued by social movements and other civil society organizations demarcating red lines for the negotiations, and declaring governments not keeping to these demands (or walking out) be condemned. Tthe chairs of the Africa group, the LDC and AOSIS
Read More....
View Comments

Strong internvention by Naderev M Saño, Philippines

See video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=OpI-PD6weG8

Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol
Closing meeting

PHL intervention
Delivered by Comm. Naderev M. Saño
Climate Change Commission

530389_458951720834208_799956327_n
Read More....
View Comments

CAMPAIGNERS SAY: “REJECT THE TEXTS!”

Reject the textsPress release from social movements on the last day of the Doha COP18 negotiations concluding that the current negotiations texts are 'A million miles from where we need to be even to have a small chance of preventing runaway climate change" and that “Things have got so bad that the negotiations are impossible to rescue. We cannot accept what on the table. We call on countries to stand strong and reject the texts.”
Read More....
View Comments

Red Lines! A letter to ministers and negotiators in Doha

Letter to ministers_120px This letter from social movements and civil society to ministers and negotiators of all countries present at Doha set out red lines for people and the planet, warning governments walking away from these positions be condemned. The letter was later supported also by six of the largest environment and development organizations in the world (Friends of the Earth International, Greenpeace, Action Aid, Oxfam, WWF and Christian Aid and trade union federation ITUC).

"Governments, rich and poor, must not agree to a “deal” that keeps the planet on track for 4°C and even higher levels of warming, condemning millions of our people to death, starvation, and forced migration."

"Governments cannot be distracted by a post-­2020 agreement.We need climate action now for this critical decade.Any government that walks away from these positions will be condemned. They will be condemned by global civil society.They will be condemned by their people.They will be condemned by history.They will condemn us all to devastating and irreversible climate change, withlife on planet Earth at stake."

Read More....
View Comments

At Stake at Doha: A rules based international climte regime

At stake at Doha_120px A civil society Climate justice brief highlighting what is at stake in the Doha climate negotiations – the deregulation of the international climate regime to a 'pledge-and-review' architecture.

"This effort to dismantle the climate architecture as it applies to rich industrialized nations, to avoid existing commitments and to shift the burden to developing countries threatens a “lost decade” of inaction setting the world on course for a 6°C temperature rise and catastrophic climate impacts."
Read More....
View Comments

Statement of Asia Social Movements on Climate Change at the Asia Social Movements Assembly

LVC Doha statement_120px
Link to full text of statement here:
We have seen climate change related phenomena with intensity never seen before, like Hurricane Sandy, in many parts of the world in the past year.We no longer have the luxury of time as incidents of increasingly severe storms, floods, droughts, disruption of water cycles and other similar eventsare becoming the “new normal” for many countries. It is also becoming apparent that climate change is instigating more forced migration, and will createmore climate refugees. An estimated 200 million people could be displaced by climate change by 2050. In 2010 alone, it was estimated that more than30 million people were forcibly displaced by environmental and weather-related disasters across Asia and this number will continue to rise. Climatechange has also been wreaking havoc on crops and farmlands, worsening the already growing food crisis and pushing even more people into hunger.

And yet, despite the increasing devastation wreaked by climate change on farmlands, livelihoods, and homes, the UN Framework Convention onClimate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations are moving backwards instead of moving closer to a global agreement that will stabilize and cut greenhousegas emissions. The premise of the climate negotiations has always been based on the principle that developed countries need to live up to theirhistorical responsibility and yet from Cancun to Durban to Qatar, negotiations have instead focused on how developed countries can escape theirprevious commitments. Now, with the current proposals on the table, not only are developed countries going to be able escape commitments bywatering obligations down to voluntary pledges but they will also be able to create more carbon markets and loopholes in order to not take any action atall. Estimates from a study by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have calculated that even without all the loopholes, these currentpledges will lead to an increase in the temperature of up to 5 degrees centigrade.
Read More....
View Comments

The politics of climate change and the global crisis

Bidwai_book_shadow
Check out this new book by Praful Bidwai, who's been associated with the What Next initiative since the very beginning. The book came out just before the Durban meeting and discusses, among other things, climate change in both an international equity context as well as the Indian domestic equity context. Below a brief about the book from the Transnational Institute website.
Read More....
View Comments

Post-Durban, India has its task cut out

Interesting analysis and reflections on what happened in Durban and India's role.
Hindu_5 jan 2012
http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/article2729539.ece
Read More....
View Comments

Major Clash of Paradigms in the Durban Climate Talks

South Centre bulletin 58
Here is a detailed account and analysis by Meena Raman of Third World Network of what happened in the dramatic end of the Durban COP17 negotiations, and implications for the future. The article was originally published in South Centre's South Bulletin (

Download a pdf-version of the whole issue here. Link to South Centre web page here.

Major Clash of Paradigms in the Durban Climate Talks
[South Bulletin 58 Article]

By Meena Raman

The main outcome of the two-week Durban climate change conference was the launching of a new round of negotiations known as the Durban Platform aimed at a new regime (whether a protocol or other legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force) under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and involving all countries.

The draft decision on this was provided at an informal plenary late on the night of Saturday 10 December long after the Conference was scheduled to end and when many Ministers and senior officials had already left Durban.

It was given to participants as part of a package of four decisions on a take-it-or-leave it basis with little time for the members to consider or discuss among themselves in an unusual and unprecedented set of procedures.
Read More....
View Comments

Time out: Analysis of Durban and its outcome by Centre for Science and Environment

Down to earth_post Durban_shadow_186 pxl
What really happened in Durban? Check out this extensive coverage by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India, in their magazine Down to Earth, 31 December issue.
-----

The 17th Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change met in Durban in December 2011. Negotiations were heated and acrimonious, as the world desperately searched for new ways to avoid the toughest of questions -- how to drastically reduce emissions to keep the world somewhat within safe levels and how to do this while ensuring equity. With uneasy answers, the easy solution was to push the world to another round of messy negotiations for a new treaty, protocol or legal instrument or something like that. But one move of the developed world was to change the nature of the original treaty that differentiates between past polluters, responsible for the first action, and the rest. The aim at Durban was to erase equity as the basis of any global agreement to cut emissions. Ironically, the world chose the land of Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela to set the scene to build a new apartheid in climate talks. Down To Earth and the Centre for Science and Environment bring you an analysis…

To continute read, download the 17-page pdf-version of the thorough feature story with graphs, boxes and explanations. Or click here to find the original story at the CSE website.

You may also want to read this prophetic reflection by Sunita Narain of CSE, only a few hours before the COP finally ended.

Guardian_Sunita_shadow_186pxl
And -- here's a link to a Guardian article by Sunita Narain "The EU's climate evangelism has got us nowhere: Europe must stop trying to bend developing countries to agree to a legal deal in the hope that this will bring the US on board", published 9 December.
Read More....
View Comments

Equity: The next frontier in climate talks

cse002blogo
Down to Earth Editorial:
Equity: The next frontier in climate talks
by Sunita Narain

In 1992, when the world met to discuss an agreement on climate change, equity was a simple concept: sharing the global commons -- the atmosphere in this case -- equally among all. It did not provoke much anxiety, for there were no real claimants. However, this does not mean the concept was readily accepted. A small group of industrialized countries had burnt fossil fuels for 100 years and built up enormous wealth. This club had to decide what to do to cut emissions, and it claimed all countries were equally responsible for the problem. In 1991, just as the climate convention was being finalised, a report, released by an influential Washington think tank, broke the news that its analysis showed India, China and other developing countries were equally responsible for greenhouse gases. Anil Agarwal and I rebutted this and brought in the issue of equitable access to the global commons. We also showed, beyond doubt, that the industrialised countries were singularly responsible for the increased greenhouse gases.
In 1992, it was accepted
Read More....
View Comments

Third World Network: News Updates from COP17 Durban

TWN DURBAN NEWS UPDATES, COP 17 Durban, South Africa (28 NOVEMBER-09 DECEMBER 2011)

For detailed coverage of all the key discussions sessions and negotiations at COP17, Durban, the 28 (!) Third World Network News Updates are indispensable. Links to pdf versions in reversed chronological order below. For Third World Networks homepage with News Updates and Briefing papers from other negotiations sessions, go to: http://www.twnside.org.sg

TWN News update 1_Durban_shadow_186 pxl

Update No. 29: Movement of Technology Mechanism in Durban Outcome
by Elpidio V. Peria (21 Dec 11)

Update No. 28: Kyoto Protocol "second commitment period" remains uncertain
by Chee Yoke Ling (16 Dec 11)

Update No. 27: Decision on Green Climate Fund adopted
by Meena Raman (15 Dec 11)

Update No. 26: AWGLCA Chair transmits report for adoption despite strong protests
by Meena Raman (14 Dec 11)

Update No. 25: Major clash of paradigms in launch of new climate talks
Read More....
View Comments

Sivan Kartha on the Durban outcomes: "Deeply worrying"

Huddle_400pxl

We have a glass, and time will tell whether it is half-full, half-empty, or purely decorative. We will see whether the yet-to-be-negotiated "protocol, legal instrument, or agreed outcome with legal force" is actually be capable of ramping up global ambition.

And on that score, I'm deeply worried. Yes, Durban gave us (something like) the "legally binding" language that we wanted. But, as far as I can see, Durban also took us several LARGE steps backward in terms of "trust-building", which many of us have believed for a long time is inexpendable if a real global solution to the crisis is to be found. And this further undermining of trust makes it less likely that the dearly sought language on "legally binding" will actually lead to something meaningful.

Specifically, here's how I fear trust has been undermined:
Read More....
View Comments

On the "Durban Platform for Enhanced Action"

The decision to establish an Ad Hoc Working Group on the "Durban Platform for Enhanced Action" (DPEA), i.e. the controversial "Durban Mandate", was a remarkable show of bad process in the last hours of the conference -- already on 30 hours overtime with many Ministers (particularly from developing countries) already on their way home.

The implications will be felt for a long time to come…

We are likely to see an erosion of the science-based "top-down" (i.e. starting with emissions reductions as deemed required based on science) principled climate regime of the Kyoto Protocol -- with a further shift towards the US-championed voluntary, bottom-up "pledge" system where countries just notify what they intend to do: currently this amounts to only 13-18% cuts by the rich countries (which could in reality amount to zero cuts due to the extensive "loopholes" that the rich countries refuse to remove). It's naive to believe that pledges will be sufficient to ramp up commitments towards the 40-50% that is needed by 2020, and the the 90-100% needed by 2050!

The mandate for the new agreement is remarkable open, which paves the ground for endless negotiations with little prospect to reach anywhere near the regime -- the Bali Action Plan -- that was still the basis for negotiations when the Durban meeting started. There are also reasons to be very worried from an equity and climate justice perspective -- although the new platform is placed under the Climate Convention with its fundamental principle of "common but differentiated responsibility", USA and other Annex 1 countries will press hard to erode any equity related mechanisms.

In short, by opening up for the Durban mandate, the world has given a blank check to the US and others to effectively stall and weaken the future climate regime -- while squandering the relative firm basis that already existed: the Bali Action Plan. Considering the effectiveness of the US negotiations since Copenhagen (they have likely attained most of their stated goals), and the dismal domestic political situation (with climate change denying Republicans dominating Congress, and Obama acting more destructive than George W Bush as he actively steers the world onto the wrong path rather than just standing aside), it is naive to believe there could be anything meaningful coming out of open-ended negotiations on the DPEA over the next few years.
Huddle2_400 pxl

Read More....
View Comments

Friends of the Earth International: Diastrous “Durban Package” accelerates onset of climate catastrophe.

MEDIA ADVISORY
foeilogo-en

13 December 2011
CLIMATE: DISASTROUS “DURBAN PACKAGE” ACCELERATES ONSET OF CLIMATE CATASTROPHE

DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA, 13 DECEMBER 2011 – The UN climate talks in Durban were a failure and take the world a significant step back by further undermining an already flawed, inadequate multilateral system that is supposed to address the climate crisis, according to Friends of the Earth International.

Developed countries engaged in a smoke and mirrors trick of delivering rhetoric but no action, failed to commit to urgently needed deep emissions cuts, and even backtracked on past commitments to address the climate crisis, said Friends of the Earth International.

  • The outcome of the Durban talks, heralded by some as a step forward, in fact amounts to:
  • No progress on fair and binding action on reducing emissions
  • No progress on urgently needed climate finance
  • Increased likelihood of further expansion of false solutions like carbon trading
  • The further locking in of economies based on polluting fossil fuels
  • The further unravelling of the legally-binding international framework to deliver climate action on the basis of science and equity.

While there was resistance from developing countries to the destructive proposals on the table in Durban, the final Durban outcome amounts to:
Read More....
View Comments

Christian Aid Press release: "Durban Climate Talks: A disastrous outcome for poor people"

Sunday 12th December 2011

DURBAN CLIMATE TALKS: A DISASTROUS OUTCOME FOR POOR PEOPLE, WARNS CHRISTIAN AID
Christian aid press release
'This Durban outcome is a compromise which saves the climate talks but endangers people living in poverty,' said Mohamed Adow, Christian Aid's expert on the UN negotiations held this year in Durban, South Africa.

'It is a disastrous, profoundly distressing outcome - the worst I have ever seen from such a process. At a time when scientists are queuing up to warn about terrifying consequences if emissions keep rising, what we have here in Durban is a betrayal of people across the world.
Read More....
View Comments

UNFCCC press release on Durban


UNFCCC Durban press release

Here's the UN press release immediately following the conclusion of the Durban COP17 negotiations. Quite a different conclusion than the many critical assessments of civil society.
Read More....
View Comments

Naturskyddsföreningen om Durban

SNF_postdurban_shadow_186pxl
Läs Naturskyddsföreningens kommentarer om Durbanmötet.
Read More....
View Comments

INDIA - 'Grim Reaper' of Durban -- Really?

As increasing pressure and preparations for a nasty blame game was mounted against India principled refusal to abandon the Bali Action Plan -- from both rich countries, several island states, as well as major parts of the mainstream environmental CSOs -- Stockholm Environment Institute's Sivan Kartha felt the need to set the record straight. Read this important and revealing note with facts that should constitute the basis for any conversation about India's role and responsibility in relation to other countries.
/Niclas

indiaflag
INDIA - 'Grim Reaper' of Durban -- Really?
By Sivan Kartha
The common wisdom is that we've come here to save Africa. Africa, we hear every day, is a continent populated with poor people on the front lines of climate change, where immediate adaptation is a priority and climate delay means death. India, we hear, is the grim reaper. And the purpose of COP17 is, in large part, to compel India to step back from the brink and help save Africa. India should stop being an obstructionist like the US, and should come to the rescue of Africa.
Well... some comparisons are in order.
Read More....
View Comments

Globally funded Feed-in tariffs in focus at Durban COP17


The bold, visionary idea of establishing a system of globally funded feed-in tariffs to simultaneously tackle climate change and poverty/energy access gained lots of traction during the Durban COP17. Several side events highlighted the approach with numerous researchers, civil society activists as well as government representatives pointing to the unique effectiveness of feed-in tariffs to rapidly drive massive investments in renewable energy.

Flyer SSNC feed-in side event_shadow_186pxl
Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC) organized a well attended side event on 2 December with the International Network for Renewable Energy (INFORSE) and Helio International. The INFORSE presentations provided a number of concrete, successful cases of renewable energy initiatives on the ground, while the SSNC presentation (by Niclas Hällström) focused on the idea of enabling local, bottom-up initiatives through global financing in line with common but differentiated responsibility.


Powerpoint_GER_COP17_186 pxl hög
Here' are Niclas and SSNC's powerpoint presentation on the idea of globally funded feed-in tariffs.
Read More....
View Comments

Climate justice policy briefs: Loopholes, pledges and the Bali Mandate

Below three One-page Climate Justice Policy Briefs that highlights key issues at stake in Durban:

CJ Policy Brief_pledges_shadow_186pxl
A comparison of pledges: Who plans to Act?

There is a serious lack of emissions reductions ambitions by the rich countries. There has so far been NO discussion or negotiation in Durban about increasing ambitions form the paltry Copenhagen "pledges" – which amounts to only 13-18% reductions by the rich, Annex 1 countries, compared to 1990. The Policy Brief "A comparison of pledges: who plans to act?" summarizes the Stockholm Environment Institute overview study from June 2011 which shows that four independent studies come to the same conclusions: Developing countries have committed to MORE reductions than the rich countries!

CJ Policy Brief_Loopholes_shadow_186 pxl
Targets could disappear into loopholes

On top of these shamefully low pledges by the Annex 1 countries, these countries refuse to remove the current loopholes from excess allocations to the former Eastern European countries ("hot air"), disingenuous accounting of forests, and double counting of off-sets. Research shows that all of the current Annex 1 pledges could be covered by loopholes, negating any pressure to really reduce emissions -- and possibly even allowing for net increase of emissions by the rich countries.

CJ Policy Brief_Bali_shadow_186 pxl
Building on the Bali Mandate
The controversy about whether to allow a new Durban Mandate or insist on the fulfillment of the current Bali Mandate through the Bali Action Plan constitute a fundamental crossroads.. At the core, this controversy is about the very nature of the climate regime: whether to open up for a voluntary "pledge and review" system with less clear equity concerns, or to keep a principled, top-down, binding approach with clear differentiation between developing and developed countries.


Read More....
View Comments

Press release: African Group sets out key demands as talks enter final stages

African Group sets out key demands as talks enter final stages

Standbyafrica_protest_400pxl
COP17, Durban, South Africa - The African Group of negotiators have set out their five key demands as UN climate talks in Durban move into the high level stage of negotiations today.

The Group, which represents 54 African countries and is chaired by Mr. Tosi Mpanu Mpanu of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are demanding:
  • A multilateral agreement that respects the principles and provisions of the Convention, and matches the ambition and substance set out in the Bali Action Plan
  • A second and subsequent commitment periods under the Kyoto Protocol with ambitious, science-based mitigation targets for developed country Kyoto Parties and provisional application to avoid a gap in the legally binding regime; and comparable efforts by developed country non-Kyoto Parties (United States) under the Convention, including ambitious, legally binding, economy-wide emission reduction commitments;
  • Agreement on long-term sources and scale of finance commencing in 2013, including a process for determining the levels of finance necessary for implementation of the Convention in a predictable and identifiable manner;
  • Full operationalization of the outcomes and institutions agreed in Cancun including the Green Climate Fund
  • Agreement on a work programme on adaptation to establish an international mechanism on loss and damage from climate change for developing countries.
Read More....
View Comments

Dale Wen: Reality Check on India and Climate Politics

Reality Check on India and Climate Politics

Dr. Dale Jiajun Wen

Martin Khor, the Executive Director of the South Centre, recently published an article titled “Is China still a developing Country?” After laying out all the facts and numbers in per capita terms of indicators including GDP, Human Development Index, and carbon emission, etc all of which unequivalently showing China is still a developing country, he finished the article with following sentence “China's fight to retain its developing-country status is of interest to other developing countries, for they will be next, if China loses that fight.” The politics of the ongoing Durban climate negotiation seems cannot wait to confirm his prediction.

Media reports are starting to portray India as the blocker. There are headlines like “Durban climate talks 'roadmap' held up by India”, “China readies big climate offer, India mulls support”. And some NGOs are calling leadership from India. Let us have some reality check.
Read More....
View Comments

Brev till Lena Ek från Naturskyddsföreningen och dess internationella partners

Klicka här för brev till miljöminister Lena Ek med gemensamma synpunkter och krav inför Durban från Naturskyddsföreningen och fyra av dess internationella samarbetspartners i Syd: Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens, Brasilien, Third World Network, Centre for Science and Environment, India och Environmental Monitoring Group, South Africa.

Några citat:
"Principen om gemensamt men olika ansvar måste sättas i förhandlingarnas centrum. De rika länderna har överlägset högst utsläpp av växthusgaser, både per capita och historiskt. Det är därför naturligt att dessa länder tar sitt fulla ansvar och kraftigt minskar sina egna utsläpp, samtidigt som de måste hjälpa fattiga länder att ställa om till fossilfritt och bekämpa fattigdomen. Det är de som gjort minst för att bidra till klimatförändringarna som drabbas värst av dem."
Read More....
View Comments

ETC Group Media advisory: Technology!

ETC_Durban
What needs to happen on Technology in Durban? Check out this report by ETC Group.
Read More....
View Comments

At stake in Durban: A climate deal for the 1% or the 99%?

Durban assessment cover
Crucial read -- a critical assessment of what's at stake in Durban and what has led us here.
Read More....
View Comments

Niclas funderingar inför Durban

Ur min horisont är ser det rätt mörkt ut – framför allt USA och Japan, Ryssland och Canada beter sig fullständigt oansvarigt, och har den absolut största skulden. Deras positioner är orättfärdiga och ytterst provocerande för alla andra.

Europa får därmed en nyckelroll. Med rätt strategi skulle EU kunna visa vägen mot en konstruktiv väg framåt – där USA och Annex-1-länder som inte tar sitt legala ansvar isoleras, medan grunden för samarbete med u-länderna, och inte minst Kina, stärks. Detta ger grund för att i senare skede ytterligare skärpa ambitionerna och regelverken (enda sättet att få USA att verkligen ändra sig är nog att stressa dem genom att de hamnar efter i omställningen mot en grön, klimatsmart ekonomi).

Vad som krävs nu, i Durban, är ett verkligt säkerställande av andra åtagandeperioden – utan att låsa fast de låga "pledges" – och ett tydligt åtagande att fullfölja Baliplanen (som ju faktist täcker 100% av världens utsläpp), dvs INGET Durbanmandat om något nytt heltäckande avtal. När Baliplanens frågor ger tillfredsställande resultat (teknologi, finansiering, osv) får man bedöma vilken legal form detta ska ha – COP-beslut eller LCA treaty eller någon mellanform.

EUs och Sveriges nuvarande linje med en starkt villkorad andra åtagandeperiod för att få med stora u-länder på något "nytt" leder endera till krasch därför att t.ex Indien och andra u-länder på goda grunder inte kan acceptera detta (och en upprepning av "scapegoating" Kina och nu också Indien) – eller, om det mot förmodan skulle tryckas igenom, bryter väg för ett nytt "single treaty" som sannolikt blir ett pledge and review system utan ambitioner eftersom USA då är med och effektivt sätter villkoren och leder ett race to the bottom, precis som man gjort sedan Köpenhamn.
Read More....
View Comments

Climate Justice Media Background Note for COP17, Durban

PRESS RELEASE
26 November 2011
For Immediate Release
Contact:
Alex Rafalowicz
alex.rafalowicz@gmail.com
+61449906643
DURBAN CLIMATE CONFERENCE

Media Background Note
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, to be held in Durban, South Africa, between 28 November and 9 December 2011, represents a critical moment in the international climate change negotiations.

The Conference should confirm whether the world continues with the Kyoto Protocol and its binding international emission commitments or instead rejects binding commitments and moves towards a non-binding approach that risks 'climate anarchy' with no set limits on climate pollution.

Durban is also the deadline for agreement on details of climate financing, particularly the 'Green Climate Fund' which has been the focus of intense negotiation throughout 2011.

This note provides further background on:
- Durban in the context of what the science requires and past promises.
- The importance of the Kyoto Protocol to the negotiations.
- The fault lines in the climate finance negotiations.
Read More....
View Comments

Call-out for 'Occupy COP17'

Below is the Call-out for a General Assembly from www.occupycop17.org

Occupy-Wall-Street_shadow_400pxl

#OccupyCop17: Climate Justice General Assembly

Governments of the world are, for the 17th time, assembling to discuss how we react on an international scale to a changing climate. During these last 16 years a sane response to an unsustainable global culture has not been found.

Inside their assembly and inside their declarations the needs of the 99% are not being heard. Private corporations are occupying our seats in the UN climate talks and governments corrupted by corporate influence are claiming to represent our needs.They are abusing and pillaging the consensus process, once put in place to ensure even the smallest and most vulnerable had a say.

We, as a planet, have been shown we can no longer rely on the same structures that have allowed for famines, floods, hurricanes and massacres to escalate relentlessly. There is a historic responsibility, and a global necessity for action.
Read More....
View Comments

Vulnerable countries consider 'occupying' Durban talks

Diplomats from some developing countries may "occupy" the UN
climate negotiations that begin on Monday in Durban by staging
sit-ins and boycotts over the lack of urgency in the talks.

See full article in The Guardian.
Read More....
View Comments

Is China still a devleoping country?

Below an article that provides perspectives on one of the most critical and contested issues in connection to the climate negotiations: that of China's role and responsibility. See also material from the What Next seminar China's Action on Climate Change and Possibilities for EU-China Collaboration (scroll down to 6 September).
China_map_topography_shadow (202pxl height)

The article is written by Martin Khor, Director of the South Centre, and originally published by South Centre in SUNS #7265, 22 November 2011.
----------

Is China still a developing country, or has it joined the ranks of the advanced developed countries?

This has become a topical question, especially after US President Barack Obama reportedly told the Chinese President Hu Jintao last week that China had to act more responsibly, now that it has "grown up."

This interesting one-to-one conversation took place at the APEC Summit in Hawaii. And when Obama met Chinese premier Wen Jiabao at the East Asia Summit hosted by ASEAN in Bali last week, he must have said something similar, in between scolding him for not allowing the Chinese currency to shoot up.

By telling China that it has become a grown-up adult, Obama meant that China should now be treated just like the US or Europe in terms of international obligations
Read More....
View Comments

Say no to soil carbon markets@COP 17 sign-on letter to African Ministers

There's increasing heat around the issue of soil sequestration in agriculture linked to off-set carbon trading markets (see also this post). Below a link to a sing-on letter directed to African Ministers that lays out the arguments against carbon trading in soil sequestration.

Nosoilcarbonmarkets_shadow
Read More....
View Comments

Ashton: There is no plan B

Ashton no planB_shadow

Here's an op-ed/commentary from UK government representative, published in The Guardian 14 November 2011. Note the support for the Kyoto protocol as a principle, but also the way a Kyoto second commitment period is made conditional on agreement on a new treaty. This is however much less articulated here compared to the later speech by the UK Minister of Environment Chris Huhne on 24 November.

Some notable quotes from the piece below. Full article here.
Read More....
View Comments

Time for Climate Justice: Christian Aid's Durban positions

time-for-climate-justice-christianaid_shadow
Here is a six-page Durban position paper from Christian Aid -- Time for Climate Justice. Also, check out their new report Low-carbon Africa: Leapfrogging to a green future
leapfrogging_cover_shadow
Read More....
View Comments

Guardian article: World headed for irreversible climate change in five years, IEA warns

Here is a must-read article from the Guardian, referencing Fatih Birol, chief economist at the International Energy Agency, who concludes that the world is getting locked into a scenario where, within five years, it will be impossible to avoid dangerous climate change. There needs to be a dramatic transformation of our energy systems, and it needs to begin immediately, so that further "locking-in" of destructive fossil fuels are avoided.

The analysis thus speaks in favor of the idea for a global investment programme -- a "Marshall plan" -- for a Global system of national Feed-in Tariffs financed by a global climate fund that an increasing number of organizations are calling for.

Link to full article here.

Read More....
View Comments

Canada -- Terrible position ahead of Durban

Below is an official statement from Canada ahead of the Durban climate negotiations. As rightly acknowledged, this position will cause "turbulence" in the coming weeks. The rejection of taking on a second commitment period target under the Kyoto protocol is an act against Canada's legal obligations, and an outright provocation to developing countries.

Basically, the Canadian position (and that of so many other "developed" (Annex 1) countries) is a rejection of the fundamental equity principle of the climate convention itself: "Common but Differentiated Responsibility". The whole point of the Kyoto protocol is that it put higher demands on the countries with historical responsibility and capability to take the lead, while the other components of the Bali plan from 2007 include all the other emissions: the US agreeing to deliver "comparable efforts" to the Kyoto countries, and the developing countries doing their fair share enabled by appropirate finance, technology, capacity building etc.

The Bali plan thus includes 100% of global emissions. Annex 1 countries must take the lead; only then can they put legitimate demands on others (see an excellent short reflection on this by Sivan Kartha, Stockholm Environment Institute). There may be a case for reconsidering the division of the world into two Annexes, but that can not be done now, with the developed countries shifting goalposts and escaping their obligations and unfulfilled promises since decades.
Read More....
View Comments

BASIC nod to India's stand on climate talks

basic-nod-to-india_times-of-india_2-nov-2011_shadow
The Times of India article on BASIC
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-11-02/pollution/30349503_1_g77-rich-countries-basic-meeting

BASIC nod to India's stand on climate talks

Nov 2, 2011, 01.03AM IST TNN & Agencies
By Nitin Sethi

NEW DELHI: Environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan notched a victory at the BASIC talks in Beijing with China and other countries cutting across groups strongly backing India's demand for centre-staging discussions on equity, IPR and trade in UN climate change negotiations on Tuesday.

While noting that the emerging economies, along with other developing countries, had committed more to fight climate change than the rich countries, India's restored stance on climate change also found support from China and Brazil.
Read More....
View Comments

On the EU 2015 climate 'roadmap'

Below an AFP account of the EU 2015 climat 'roadmap'. When reading it, do note the following:

  • Although the EU has changed rhetoric/strategy to now endorsing a second commitment period of the Kyoto protocol (contrary to the 'single treaty' line that what was pushed under the Swedish presidency ahead of Copenhagen), it is essentially a very similar strategy: EU says it will only accept a second commitment period if there are guarantees all major economies will be included with binding commitments in a new roadmap (essentially a 'single treaty'). However, this is clearly shifting the goalposts, and includes no guarantees for adequate financing and technology for enabling developing countries to meet the huge adaptation neeeds and move to low-carbon societies. EU needs to fulfill its obligations to enter a second commitment period with ambitious targets unconditional of what other countries do. Only then can it begin to legitimately discuss other arrangements for subsequent periods – which needs to be based on clear equity principles.
  • According to the AFP citation, Hedegaards says the "Kyoto protocol, which expires in 2012". This is a blatant error that has been repeated innumerable times by Western journalists, politicians and even in official UNFCCC communications. The Kyoto protocol does NOT expire. Period. The first commitment period comes to and end, and should be followed by a second commitment period according to the legally binding provisions in the protocol.
  • See also the arguments around the "limited scope" ("only a third of global emissions") of the Kyoto protocol in this related post. The Kyoto protocol is part of a package of mechanisms that together cover 100% of global emissions. 
eu-flagga_shadow
Read More....
View Comments

How to rewrite the Durban script

cse002blogo
Another good editorial by Sunita Narain, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), Delhi, now reflecting on the upcoming Durban negotiations.

http://www.cseindia.org/content/how-rewrite-durban-script


By Sunita Narain
How to rewrite the Durban script
It’s that time of the year again. Climate change talks are heating up, with the next conference of parties scheduled in Durban in end-November. There is heat but no light. The negotiations are stuck despite the clear signs of climate change: dangerous and potentially catastrophic extreme weather events.

Not much is expected in Durban, except the usual shadow-boxing. The European Union is leading the pack of climate champions. It wants the world to fast track negotiations for a single, legally binding treaty on cutting emissions. It does not say (loudly) that its real plan is to junk the Kyoto Protocol, which demands that industrialised countries cut emissions marginally, roughly 6 per cent below the 1990 levels by 2008-2012. The agreement in this Protocol is that rich countries, major historical and current emitters, go first, creating ecological and economic space for the developing world to grow. In time, the rest would follow. To facilitate actions in the developing and emerging world, technology and funds would be committed. All this done well would lead to a real deal. But it was not to be.
Read More....
View Comments

CAN Durban positions

CAN expectations_Durban
Short version (2 pages) of the Climate Action Network (CAN) expectations for Durban.
Read More....
View Comments

What happened in Panama?

TWN Panama_18_cover_shadow
What happened at the climate talks in Panama -- the last negotiation session before COP17 in Durban 28 Nov -9 Dec 2011? Check out the Third World Network detailed reports from the negotiations through their 18 (!) TWN Panama News Updates. Downloadable as PDF-documents from the TWN website.
Read More....
View Comments

New Swedish Society for Nature Conservation report on REDD

new hope for the forest_lowres_shadow
Good new report – "New Hope for the Forest: REDD biodiversity and poverty reduction" –  published by the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC). Now available in English as electronic download.

The report provides a clear and concise overview and framing of the key controversial issues in relation to REDD, with a number of concrete action points directed to the Swedish government. Among other things, the report shows the many traps inherent in the system, and warns against any (future) linking to the market based solutions. The report also includes relevant extracts from many of the sources that are referred to in the text, making the publication a resource in itself.
Read More....
View Comments

G77 Pushes USA To Be Honest

G77logo

PRESS RELEASE
4 October 2011

G77 Pushes USA To Be Honest -- Inaction at home and at UN climate talks
PANAMA CITY, PANAMA - Today - As UN climate talks continue, developing countries redoubled efforts to build bridges to find agreement in time for the annual UN climate summit in Durban this November (CoP 17).

Jorge Arguello, Chair of the Group of 77 and Chna (G77) said: "We want to stop hearing about red lines and start hearing about what the developed world are prepared to do."

"Climate change is not the kind of problem you can just wish away. The US and others have to stop explaining why they won't take action and face the consequences of what their inaction entails." Argüello said.
Read More....
View Comments

Panama opening assessment

Panama+opening+assessment_cover_186pxl
UNFCCC negotiations – 3 October 2011

Panama – Best and Last Chance to get Negotiations Back on Track
Check out this 4-page civil society assessment explaining the key issues at stake at the Panama climate negotiation session 1-7 October 2011 – the last session before COP17 in Durban.
Read More....
View Comments

Cancún outcomes

Here is a summary of the key outcomes of COP 16 in Cancún. Positive outcomes are in green, negative outcomes are in red, and neutral/ambivalent outcomes are in grey. So, according to this mind map one could summarize the Cancun meeting as around 85% bad and 15% good. However, some of the bad outcomes are very significant, particularly the move towards a paradigm shift of pledge & review rather than the clear, legally binding principles of the Kyoto Protocol.

Cancun outcomes_420pxl_shadow
Click on the map for a hi-resolution version for viewing online or printing (comes out best in A3-format).
Read More....
View Comments

Cochabamba Proposals Will be Brought to Cancun

Communique by the Plurinational State of Bolivia

Cochabamba Proposals Will be Brought to Cancun

(October 10, 2010 - Tianjin, China) The proposals of the World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth have been maintained and expanded upon in the new negotiating text on climate change that emerged from the last round of negotiations in Tianjin, China.

Throughout the process in Tianjin, attempts were made to substitute the negotiating text, which contains the positions of all countries, with a text that would be limited to recognizing the principal elements of consensus for Cancun.

In some working groups, such as the one dealing with "various approaches for mitigation actions," a proposal was presented which only contained the pro-market option. Following a long debate in which the right of all countries to have their proposals reflected in the negotiating text until a consensus is reached ultimately prevailed, a new text was agreed upon. That text now includes, among various options, the position of Cochabamba against the carbon market, and a passage asserting that the rights of nature must be recognized in mitigation actions.
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 12 and 13

Third World Network News updates from the Tianjin UNFCCC negotiations 4-9 October 2010.


Third World Network update no 12: "'Developing countries stress on Party-driven text for Cancun".

Third World Network update no 13: "BASIC countries set out expectations for Cancun conference".
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 11

Third World Network News updates from the Tianjin UNFCCC negotiations 4-9 October 2010.


Third World Network update no 11: "'Parties voice concern over limited progress in Tianjin climate talks".
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 10

Third World Network News updates from the Tianjin UNFCCC negotiations 4-9 October 2010.


Third World Network update no 10: "'Kyoto Protocol’s future still uncertain".
Read More....
View Comments

Letter to negotiators from Climate Justice Now!


Here a 2-page letter to the climate negotiators gathered in Tianjin, highlighting the key points from the climate justice now network and the Cochabamba conference that were eventually included in the formal negotiating text following the previous negotiations in Bonn, August 2010. The letter urges the negotiators to ensure these options/positions – including more stringent targets for developed countries; equitable distribution of atmospheric space; the righs of Mother Earth, and more substantial financing for developing countries –– stay in the text for further negotiation in Cancún.

Download English version here; French version here.
Read More....
View Comments

Tianjin Sends Out Signals of Climate Hope and Scepticism

Summary of the Tianjin negotiations by Hiroshi Nagai and Taro Ichikawa for the news service IDN-InDepthNews.
Read More....
View Comments

Can the EU lead?


Civil society assessment of EU's diminishing leadership in the climate negotiations, and what it needs to do to reclaim a role as leader.

According to the assessment this includes: Trust-building with developing countries, commitment unequivocally to the continuation of the Kyoto Protocol, to lead by example by unilaterally increasing its emissions reduction target, and to support the establishment of a financial mechanism under the authority of and accountable to the UNFCCC (COP).

Full 2-page assessment here.
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 8 and 9

Third World Network News updates from the Tianjin UNFCCC negotiations 4-9 October 2010.


Third World Network update no 8: "'Long way to go on fast start finance – says development NGO".

Third World Network no 9: "Divergent views remain over Kyoto Protocol second commitment period".
Read More....
View Comments

Climate Action Network-Europe on Tianjin negotiations

MEDIA RELEASE

After Tianjin, EU has work ahead for an ambitious outcome in Cancun


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – [Brussels, Tianjin - 9 October 2010] – This week in Tianjin, China, government delegates attended the last full session of climate negotiations before the 16th Conference of Parties (COP-16) to the UNFCCC [1] in Cancun in December, providing further clarity on what is necessary for a balanced package of decisions in Cancun.

This week, the EU put forward a proposal containing their own vision of what constitutes a balanced package in Cancun. [2] The EU proposal was helpful and, considering the difficult mandates the EU negotiators have from their Ministers and capitals back home, it did play a constructive role in Tianjin. Now we expect Ministers at next week’s Environment Council meeting to adopt ambitious policy positions to allow the EU to play an even more constructive role in these negotiations.

“The negotiations are at a critical juncture and while we can see a renewed efforts being made, the EU is still not putting forward positions that will help do its job to bridge the big divides that still exist on important issues. Simply identifying the issues is not enough to inspire a result,” said Ulriikka Aarnio, Senior Policy Officer for CAN Europe. [3]
Read More....
View Comments

What role for the US? A question for the rest of the world


Civil society assessment of US climate policy and arguments for why the rest of the world should reject the US led "new paradigm" of voluntary pledges and stick to the Bali Road map and the second commitment period of the Kyoto protocol.

"The world therefore faces a simple question: What to do with the United States? If developed countries opt for a Copenhagen Accord-type non-binding system of voluntary pledges, with no science- and equity-based aggregate target, then they will be dangerously backsliding from a legally binding system simply to secure a commitment by the United States to do whatever it was going to do anyway – nothing more and nothing less. If this is the case, then the “basic bargain” the US offers seems a bad one."

Full three-page assessment here.
Read More....
View Comments

Todd Stern on US climate change policy: "A New Paradigm..."

Here is a statement delivered by Todd Stern, the US Climate Change Envoy, on 8 October entitled: "A New Paradigm: Climate Change Negotiations in the Post-Copenhagen Era", which outlines the US positions on the climate change negotiations.
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 5, 6 and 7

Third World Network News updates from the Tianjin UNFCCC negotiations 4-9 October 2010.Third World Network update no 5, "'Stock-taking meeting' midway through Tianjin shows divergence of views on process and outcome for Cancun".Third World Network update no 6, "'Call for a permanent forum on potential consequences from response measures to climate change"Third World Network update no 7: "AWG-KP legal
Read More....
View Comments

Press release: Civil Society to UN Advisory Group on Climate Finance: You Are ‘On the Wrong Track’

A civil society press release addressing the UN Advisory group on Climtate Finance, issued during the Tianjin negotiations.-----As the UN Secretary General’s High-level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing (AGF) works to complete a review of sources of climate funding by the end of October, climate justice groups are voicing increasing concern over the focus of the AGF and the process through
Read More....
View Comments

News reporting from Tianjin, with focus on China challenging US

China and US clash at climate talkshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/oct/06/china-climate-talks-us-negotiatorAFP: China tells rich nations to improve emission targetshttp://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iwsL_RY6bdU9YcSBwBR9C7GUM1zw?docId=CNG.5cb7ef236c63dc32da7a98f3cefc25f2.481Bloomberg: China Envoy Says U.S., Others Should Raise Emissions Targets, AFP Reportshttp://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-10-05/china-envoy-says-u-s-others-should-raise-emissions-targets-afp-reports.htm
Read More....
View Comments

Carbon trading business pespective on markets in Tianjn negotiations

Tianjin talks see progress on markets06 October, 2010Developing country opposition to the expansion of market mechanisms after 2012 is softening, according to delegates at the latest round of climate talks in Tianjin, China, although big-picture complexities around the negotiations could hold up progress on the issue.Meanwhile, talks on developing a market for carbon stored in forests have been going
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 4

Third World Network update no 4:, "Mandate of the AWG-KP contact group on legal matters in dispute", from the current UNFCCC negotiations in Tianjin, China 4-9 October 2010.
Read More....
View Comments

Congress letter to Hilary Clinton arguing for a UNFCCC climate fund

Within the US there is substantial support for the kind of climate financing under a UNFCCC global fund that developing countries and civil society orgnisations are calling for. Here a recent letter to Hilary Clinton from a large number of US Congressmen showing support for such a new global climate fund under the UNFCCC – something that challenges the present US position under Obama considerably.
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 3

Third World Network update no 3, "Developing countries united on ambitious Kyoto Protocol reduction targets", from the current UNFCCC negotiations in Tianjin, China 4-9 October 2010.
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 2

Third World Network update no 2, "Developing countries call for balanced outcomes in Cancun", from the current UNFCCC negotiations in Tianjin, China 4-9 October 2010.
Read More....
View Comments

Climate Justice Now intervention, Kyoto Protocol track

Here the Climate Justice Now intervention on 4 Oct at the Kyoto Protocol working group at the UNFCCC negotiations in Tianjin, Chjina. Statement read by Maitreyi Shankar, coordinator of KKPKP - union of wastepickers in Pune, India . **********************************I speak on behalf of Baida, sitting by my side, who does not speak English.“My name is Baida Bai Gaikwad and I am a member of Kagad
Read More....
View Comments

TWN Tianjin News Update 1

First Third World Network update on the key issues at stake in the current UNFCCC negotiations in Tianjin, China 4-9 October 2010.
Read More....
View Comments

Climate Justice Now intervention, LCA plenary Tianjin

Here is the intervention at the Climate Justice Now slot at the opening plenary of the UNFCCC intersessional negotiations in Tianjin, China 4-9 October 2010 - as delivered by Karen Orenstein, Friends of the Earth, USA:-------Thank you. I am with Friends of the Earth, a member of the Climate Justice Now! network. As our climate system teeters on collapse, some parties continue to try to dismantle the
Read More....
View Comments

Key issues for Climate Change

New SSNC publication: Key Issues for Climate Change (208 pages, 2,4 MB)Compilation of the 9 seminar reports from the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC) seminar series "Key Issues for Climate Change". These seminars examined, explored and debated during 2009 some of the trickiest and most challenging issues at stake in the lead-up to the COP 15 conference. The seminars brought together researchers,
Read More....
View Comments

Sombre Monbiot

Here's a sombre reflection on the state of climate and climate negotiations by George Mombiot. Cause for political awakening and some very deep questioning...An extract:"Greens are a puny force, by comparison to industrial lobby groups, the cowardice of governments and the natural human tendency to deny what we don’t want to see. To compensate for our weakness, we indulged a fantasy of benign
Read More....
View Comments

Bonn III loopholes assessment

A major focus of the 'Bonn III' UNFCCC negotiations 2-6 August was the huge loopholes for the rich (Annex 1) countries. Conservative assessments by e.g. the Stockholm Environment Institute show that current rules (loopholes) in combination with the inadequate pledges for emissions reductions could allow the rich countries to INCREASE their emissions by 9% by 2020. There is an urgent need to quickly
Read More....
View Comments

Bonn II negotiations assessments

Below four brief assessments from the 'Bonn II' UNFCCC negotiations 1 -11 June 2010. Bonn II – An Assessment: Overview of the key issues for the negotiations.A Kyoto Assessment: Exposure of the inadequacy of rich country (Annex 1) emission reductions (mitigation) and the huge loopholes.What role for the US? Exposure of how the US climate policies means a race to the bottom and how EU and other
Read More....
View Comments
See Older Posts...